A financial system (within the scope of finance) is a system that allows the exchange of funds between lenders, investors, and borrowers. Financial systems operate at national, global, and firm-specific levels. They consist of complex, closely related services, markets, and institutions used to provide an efficient and regular linkage between investors and depositors.
Money, credit, and finance are used as media of exchange in financial systems. They serve as a medium of known value for which goods and services can be exchanged as an alternative to bartering. A modern financial system may include banks (operated by the government or private sector), financial markets, financial instruments, and financial services. Financial systems allow funds to be allocated, invested, or moved between economic sectors. They enable individuals and companies to share the associated risks.
The Components of a Financial market
Financial institutions provide financial services for members and clients. They are typically regulated heavily, as they provide market stability and consumer protection. Financial institutions include: